There are problems associated with info on the baritone, and many people are confused as to what a real baritone is.
This problem is compounded by the fact that in some places the euphonium is referred as a "baritone horn", which is in fact a proper name for a euphonium.
There are three types of baritones: the original small-bore Bb tenor Saxhorn, the original large-bore Bb baritone Saxhorn, and a subtype of this instrument in the US that varies from being close to a euphonium to being close to the large-bore horn I just referred to.
Today, the small-bore Sax instrument is called a baritone, and this is the horn that is used in British brass bands. It is a small horn, around the same size as the shorter Eb tenor horn (called an Eb "alto" horn in the US):
The large-bore horn is called a baritone in both the US and Canada, and is just called a Saxhorn by Courtois, who make a 4-valve and 5-valve version of this instrument:
This is a pro version of the 3-valve horns school kids use.
The euphonium is actually a Bb tenor tuba. I'm going to post a link to euphoniums and tubas, so that you can see how the bells and bore-profiles are identical:
Anyway, for the US market, it could be that they just want to keep things simple. Unfortunately, few people who play brass actually know anything about what it is they're playing. For example, you're not often going to run into a trumpet player who knows the difference between the modern "American cornet" and a real trumpet. The modern "trumpet" is often referred to as the "American cornet" because it is a US cornet-hybrid instrument that was invented by persons unknown in the US in the 1880's.
My money is on Conn for the present. They invented the pocket trumpet, and were forever coming out with cool new and unique inventions.
Edited by gsmonks, 11 November 2005 - 03:41 PM.