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The South Korean(ROK) Military

South Korea Military

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#1 tennyson

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Posted 04 June 2003 - 01:13 PM

Since I was detailing one side of the Korean conflict I thought I should detail the other. The South Korean military has had the threat of another invasion from the North hanging over its head for 50 years now and this has been its primary if not overriding security concern. South Korea had had limited international involvement in other areas aside from the troops it sent to assist the US in the late 1960s in the Vietnam War. It's only international involvements have been as military observers during the UN's UNTAET operation in East Timor in 1999 and it has sent 700 noncombat troops to assist the US-led Coalition in Iraq.

The South Korean Army has 560,000 personel(2000) with some 400,000 personnel available for front-line combat units. The South Korean Army is tasked with absorbing and defeating the massive blizkrieg style assault that is expected from North Korea in any future conflict.
South Korea has three army groups with nine operational corps that between them operate
3 mechanized infantry divisions
19 infantry divisions
2 independent infantry brigades
7 special forces brigades that regularly train with thier US equivalents
3 counter-infiltration brigades
in addition there are 3 surface to aurface missile battalions with improved versions of the eldery Honest John system
3 air defence artillery brigades
31 air defence missile batteries
1 aviation command
These units are equipped with
1000 Type 88 main battle tanks (M1 without the depleted uranium)
80 T-80U main battle tanks( yes South Korea has more modern Russian equipment than the North, apparently they could get it cheap)
850 M48A5 main battle tanks
400 M47 main battle tanks
40 BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles
1700 Korean Infantry fighting vehicles
420 M113 APCs
140 M557 command vehicles
20 BTR-80 APCs
13 M110 203mm SP guns
40 M107 175mm SP guns
1040 M109/K9 155mm SP howitzers
29 MLRS multiple rocket launchers
156 130mm "Koor Yong" multiple rocket launchers
50 90mm M36 SP antitank guns
1800 155mm and 203mm towed artillety pieces
1700 105mm(mainly M101) towed artillery pieces
6000 107mm and 81mm mortors
7000+ EX-US 57mm, 75mm, 90mm and 106mm M40A1 recoilless rifles
6000+ TOW and AT-7 antitank missile launchers
12 Honest John surface to surface missile launchers
200 Nike Hercules static surface to air missile launchers
110 Improved Hawk SAM launchers
350 Javelin, 60 Redeye,170 Mistral and 130 Stinger and SA-16 manportable SAM launchers
700 20mm, 30mm, 35mm, and 40mm towed AA guns

Army Aviation operates
60 AH-1F/J attack helicopters with TOW missiles
45 Hughes 500MD Defender attack helicopters with TOW missiles and 130 Hughes 500 scout helicopters
12 BO 105CBS scout helicopters
20 UH-1H transport helicopters
116( with another 80 on delivery) Uh-60P Blackhawk transport helicopters
18 CH-47D Chinook heavy-lift helicopters
10 DHC-2 liason aircraft
5 O-1A Bird Dog observation aircraft

Edited by Certifiably Cait, 27 August 2012 - 11:50 AM.

"Only an idiot would fight a war on two fronts. Only the heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Idiots would fight a war on twelve fronts."

— Londo, "Ceremonies of Light and Dark" Babylon-5


#2 tennyson

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Posted 04 June 2003 - 01:49 PM

The South Korean Navy had (2000) 63,000 personnel, divided between 35,000 naval personnel and 28,000 marines, of these 19,000 are conscripts. There are about 5000 civilian employees and about 5000 naval and marine reservists.
These forces operate
9 German Type 209/1200 diseal-electric attack submarines
7 S.X. 756 and 3 KSS-1 midget submarines
1 KDX-II class destroyer is still under construction with 2 ordered
3 Kwanggaeto-Daewang(KDX-I) class destroyers (8 Harpoon antiship missiles, 1 Mk48 launcher with 16 Sea Sparrow SAMs, 1 5inch gun, 2 30mm Goalkeeper CIWS, 6 324mm torpedo tubes and 2 Super Lynx helicopters with Sea Skua antiship missiles and Mk 46 mod 5 ASW torpedoes)
3 ex-US Gearing FRAM I destroyers(2 have 8 Harpoon SSMs, 4 5inch guns, 2 40mm and 2 20mm AA guns, 6 324mm ASW torpedo tubes, 2 depth charge racks and a Super Lynx helicopter, the other has 4 5inch guns, 2 40mm and 2 20mm AA guns, 8 ASROC antisubmarine missiles, 6 324mm ASW torpedo tubes and a depth chrage rack)
2 ex-US Gearing FRAM II destroyers(8 Harpoon SSMs, 6 5inch guns, 4 20mm AA guns, 6 324mm ASW torpedo tubes, 2 Hedgehog ASW mortors, 1 depth charge rack and a Super Lynx ASW helicopter)
9 Ulsan class frigates(8 Harpoon SSMs, 2 3inch guns, either 8 30mm AA guns or 6 40mm OTOBreda Compact CIWS, 6 324mm torpedo tubes and two depth chrage racks)
24 Pohang class corvettes(4 have 2 MM38 Exocet SSMs, 1 3inch gun, 4 30mm AA guns, 6 324mm ASW torpedo tubes, and 2 depth chrage racks, all other have 2 3inch guns, 4 40mm OTOBreda 40mm Compact CIWS, 6 324mm ASW torpedo tubes and 2 depth charge racks)
4 Donghae class corvettes(1 3inch gun, 2 40mm and 4 30mm AA guns, 6 324mm torpedo tubes and 2 depth charge racks)
8 Paekku class guide missile patrol boats(4 have 4 Standard antiradiation missiles, 1 3inch gun, and 2 12.7mm MGs, the others have 4 Harpoon SSMs, 1 3inch gun, 2 30mm AA guns and 2 12.7mm MGs)
86 Sea Dolphin class patrol craft
1 Wonsan class minelayer
8 Yangyang class minehunters
6 SK5000 class minehunters
5 US MSC 289 and 3 US MSC 268 coastal minesweepers
9 HDL-4000 class landing ship tanks(can carry up to 1800 tons of cargo and 200 troops, up to 17 main battle tanks can be accomodated)
9 Mulkae class utility landing craft
US LCAC landing hovercraft in service
10 ex-US LCM8 landng craft
3 Cheonji class replenishment oilers
2 US Edenton class salvage and rescue ships
1 submarine rescue ship
Thier other ships include harbor tankers, nine or more harbor tugs and about 25 other yard and service craft

Naval Aviation operates
8 P-3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft with Harpoon missiles
8 S-2C/E Tracker maritime patrol aircraft
5 F-406 Caravan II target tugs
30 Super Lynx Mk 99 multirole helicopters
10 AS.316B and AS.319B Alouette III helicopters assigned to the Marine Corps
10 UH-60 Blackhawk and 10 UH-1 transport helicopters
2 OH-58 Kiowa training helicopters
The South Korean Marines operate M48 tanks, AAV7 amphibous armoured personnel carriers, towed 15mm and 105mm artillery, and similar US pattern weapons

Three batteries of Harpoon missiles are operated for Coast Defence and there is an  extensive number of radra stations along the coastline.
"Only an idiot would fight a war on two fronts. Only the heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Idiots would fight a war on twelve fronts."

— Londo, "Ceremonies of Light and Dark" Babylon-5


#3 tennyson

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Posted 04 June 2003 - 04:07 PM

The South Korean Air Force is a large and relatively modern force, organized along the US pattern.

They are equipped with 160 F-16C/D fighter-bombers for air defence and ground attack in eight squadrons
68 F-4E Phantoms in three air defence squadrons
215-220 F-5E/F fighter-bombers in three tactical fighter wings
15 RF-4C Phantom reconnaissance aircraft in one squadron and a squadron of RF-5A reconnaissance aircraft
two squadrons of OA/ A-37B light attack and forward air control aircraft
one sqadron of OV-10D and O-2A light attack and forward air control aircraft
a squadron of O-1A observation aircraft
20 Hawk T. Mk 67 advanced trainers in one squadron
three squadrons with C-130H and C-130H-30 transports
one squadron of CN-235M transports
a Boeing 737, BAe 748 and 5 Aero Commander VIP transports
85 KTX-1 trainers
30 leased T-38 Talon advanced trainers( being replaced by KDX-2 trainers from 2003)
T-41 and T-33 training aircraft each equip a squadron
a squadron of S-70C helicopters operates in support of Korean special forces
a search and rescue squadron operates UH-60Ps and the remnants of a mix of Bell 212, Bell 214 and UH-1H helicopters
a combat search and rescue squadron operates heavily modified HH-47D helicopters

The South Korean Air Force operates a variety of more modern weapons including AIM-7F Sparrow AAMs and  AIM-9L Sidewinder AAMs and the F-16s have available to them LANTRIN  pods, AGM-88 HARM antiradiation missiles, AGM-84 Harpoon misiles, AGM-130 and AGM-142 guided missiles. The Korean Air Force also employs AGM-65 Maverick air to surface missiles and the full range of US Mk 80 series "dumb" bombs and LAU rocket pods.
"Only an idiot would fight a war on two fronts. Only the heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Idiots would fight a war on twelve fronts."

— Londo, "Ceremonies of Light and Dark" Babylon-5


#4 EvilTree

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Posted 06 June 2003 - 08:13 AM

South Korea has conscription for all males aged 18 and up who serves two year stint in the military and placed on inactive reserve afterwards. So theoretically, South Korea can call up millions of men from age 18-40 who had prior service.

I took the liberty of using  your facts and figures on another board. I hope you don't mind, tennyson.
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#5 tennyson

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Posted 06 June 2003 - 08:53 AM

I have no problem with that, this threads are intended to be informatve. The only reticence I would have about that would be that most of the information here is either from the 2000-2001 timeframe or extrapolated from there so a few things might have changed since then.

Edited by tennyson, 06 June 2003 - 08:53 AM.

"Only an idiot would fight a war on two fronts. Only the heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Idiots would fight a war on twelve fronts."

— Londo, "Ceremonies of Light and Dark" Babylon-5




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